RS Quiz No 6 – Answers

  1. Can you name the Muslim female World War 2 veteran who was awarded a George Cross for bravery?
    She also went by the name Nora Baker and was a published author of Indian and American descent who was posthumously awarded the George Cross for her service in the Special Operations Executive, the highest civilian decoration in the UK. As an SOE agent she became the first female wireless operator to be sent from Britain into occupied France to aid the French Resistance during World War II, and was Britain’s first Muslim war heroine.
  2. What was the name of the first mosque in Britain and who founded it?
    The earliest recorded mosque in Britain was founded in a Liverpool terrace house in 1889. The Muslim Institute was established by a group of 20 British converts to Islam, led by Sheikh Abdullah William Henry Quilliam (1856-1932). A local solicitor raised in a Methodist family, Quilliam had converted to Islam during his travels in Morocco.
  3. Where does the musical instrument the lute come from?
    The lute derives its name, as well as its distinctive shape, from the Arabic ‘ud, an instrument which is very much at the heart of Arabic musical life to this day. ‘Al ‘ud’ means ‘the wooden one.’ It came to Europe in the Middle Ages from Muslims in Moorish Spain.
  4. When the  Prophet Muhammad received his first revelation as a Prophet, who was the first to believe in him and support him?
    Khadijah, his wife. She was older than him and proposed in marriage to him before becoming the first to embrace Islam. She was a successful businesswoman in Mecca.
  5. 2 women in particular are mentioned as eternal role models in Chapter 66 of the Quran. Can you name them?
    Mary or Maryam, mother of Jesus and Aasiya, wife of Pharoah.
  6. Who built the first pinhole camera around 1000 AD?
    Ibn al Haytham also called Father of Modern Optics. He hailed from Iraq. His most famous work is the 7 volume book Kitab ul Manazir or Book of Optics. By using a dark room with a pinhole on one side and a white sheet on the other, he projected an inverted image of the objects outside the room on the sheet opposite. He called this the “qamara”. It was the world’s first camera obscura.
  7. What does Allahu Akbar mean?
    God is Great. It is also said by Arabic speaking Jews and Christians, amongst others. It is also used in the call to prayer.
  8. What chapter in the Quran is named after a much revered lady?
    Maryam or Mary
  9. What contribution did early Muslims make to modern surgery?
    Many modern surgical instruments are of exactly the same design as those devised in the 10th century by a Muslim surgeon called al-Zahrawi. His scalpels, bone saws, forceps, fine scissors for eye surgery and many of the 200 instruments he devised are recognisable to a modern surgeon. It was he who discovered that catgut used for internal stitches dissolves away naturally.
  10. Do you know what the words ‘Islam’ and ‘Muslim’ mean?
    Islam and Muslim derive from the root Arabic word ‘slm’ which means submission to God. Muslims believe that though submission to God, peace is attained.